Statement of Sun De Xing

Statement_of_Sun_DexingStatement of Sun De Xing


Question: State your name, age, origin, address and occupation


Answer: Sun De Xing, 19 years old, Origin: Daxing, address:  Outside Dongbianmen Shengou no.2, occupation: rickshaw puller


Question: Where do you usually put down your rickshaw and wait for customers. Who were the people that used your rickshaw on January 7? Please explain this in detail.


Answer: Pulling a rickshaw is my profession. I often place my rickshaw outside a compound at Chuanban Hutong. The seventh of this month at eight o’clock in the evening I had placed my rickshaw outside the Fusheng compound, when I saw an old car coming from the West with black and white plates. Three Italian soldiers got off the car together with a foreign girl. One of the soldiers payed the driver and they went into the brothel in Chuanban Hutong 28 together. At this point nobody in the party seemed drunk. The car went back West in the direction it came from. I decided to stay outside (Chuanban Hutong 28) and wait for customers. At around one o’clock in the morning, I was the only rickshaw waiting outside the door. Then the Italian soldiers came out again, at this point the party seemed to be drunk. The Italian soldiers waved me over. One Italian soldier sat up in the Rickshaw with the girl and the two other soldiers pushed from behind. We Went in East direction.


Question: Who followed the Italian soldiers out of the brothel and closed the door?


Answer: When the three Italian soldiers and the foreign girl came out I saw a fat Russian lady close the door behind them.


Question: Where did the Italian soldiers get off your rickshaw?


Answer: When the Italian soldiers came over, the shorter one of them sat up in the rickshaw,  and the two taller ones supported the foreign girl and placed her on top of the short Italian soldiers legs. The two tall soldiers pushed the rickshaw from behind and made me go in East direction. We passed the Huiwen School and went out of the South gate and continued in East direction. When we had crossed the stone bridge we stopped. The two taller Italian soldiers helped the girl down from the rickshaw. The short soldier got down from the rickshaw and threatened me with a knife. I was very scared and went back in West direction without getting any pay. On the way back I heard somebody gasp. I went along the city wall and finally back to Chuanban Hutong.


Question: What was the girl wearing when she arrived?


Answer: When the girl got of the car and went in to Chuanban Hutong 28. She was wearing a yellow short jacket. She did not wear the jacket when she came out only a shirt. Her face was covered with a piece of white cloth and it looked like she was drunk.


Question: After this incident at what date did you take a French soldier to the hospital?


Answer: After that day I took a French soldier to the hospital on Saturday (January 9) to see the dentist. When the soldier was inside the dentist I sat outside the gate and waited. At this time a person came out of the dentist and told me not to disclose what I knew.


I swear that my statement is true.

Police demands a dress code for prostitutes

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From the archives:

A small article about Bada Hutong from the republican era:

"The police banned prostitutes wearing outlandish clothes several times. In order to correct morals and manners, the Police Commissioner Xue Zhiheng issued a rule that all the prostitutes at Ba Da Hutong must wear white clothes." (Shangye Ribao, July 30, 1922)

The former entertainment district of Bada Hutong is placed right in the middle of Beijing, just South East of the Qianmen gate.

During the republican era, this area presented the authorities with a great dilemma. On one hand, the popular area with its brothels and Opium dens provided the city with a sizeable tax income, while on the other hand prostitution was considered decadent and immoral. Nevertheless the area, with its many hundred years history was not closed down until the Communist takeover in 1949.

If you want to learn more about Bada Hutong and Beijing’s underworld you can join our walk “Sai Jin Hua and the brothels of Dashilan”.


Air Force soldiers battle against sparrows

From the Archives (Beijing Evening Post, April 19,1958)


5 am. This morning, the big old bell in the Bell Tower suddenly sounded. Two soldiers from the Air Force and two civilians swayed a huge wooden mallet into the Bell six times , to kick off the “wipe out sparrow” campaign.

The Air Force soldiers in the Drum and Bell Towers began to wave flags and beat gongs, drums and iron buckets. Liu Dejiu, an outstanding shooter who fought in Northeast China and all the way to Hainan Island during the War of Liberation, patrolled in the Drum Tower with his gun. Beside him was a warden officer of intelligence Wang Zhonghu. When Wang spotted sparrows with his binoculars he would inform Liu. One time Liu took down two sparrows in one shot.

At the barracks of the Air Force headquarters, soldiers set up posts everywhere. Colonel Liang and Lieutenant colonel Guo were in command. When Liang was at the command post from 4 am he checked results of battle frequently. Shortly after the battle began, he discovered that some areas were uncovered. So he moved troops without any delay. The sparrows didn’t have a minute to rest. Within one hour, about 40 groups of sparrows were exhausted after being shooed away all the time, and some even fell to the ground and died. 
Puyi still receiving pledges of loyalty from former officials during Spring Festival

From the archives (Beijing Daily, Jan. 30, 1925)

00000028-1According to a source from Dongjiaominxiang, Puyi is now living in the Japanese legation, but the Imperial family members and former Qing officials still feel obligated to wish him a happy Chinese New Year. So on that day about 200 people went to the Japanese legation. In the beginning Puyi was reluctant, but after discussion he allowed them to come in group by group. They still followed the old protocol: kneel down and kowtow.

The 300-year-old Qing Dynasty ended yesterday

From the archives (Shuntian Shibao, Nov. 6, 1924)

300 year old qing ended

Translation of the article:

“Yesterday at 12 a.m., Feng Yuxiang sent Lu Zhonglin and five hundred armed soldiers into the Forbidden City through Shenwumen Gate. Lu told the Emperor that by the order of the government and the Commander-in-Chief Feng Yuxiang, he came to alter the “Preferential Treatment of the Qing Royal Family”. There are five terms and the emperor must agree before 3 p.m.

The five terms are as follows:

1. Rescind the title of Emperor Xuantong of the Great Qing;

2. Reduce the preferential fund from four million silver dollars to half a million every year, and the emperor needs to donate two million dollars to set up factories for the poor banner people to work;

3. The emperor must move out from the palace today, but he can freely choose where to live;

4. The ancestral temples and imperial tombs of the Qing royal family will be enshrined forever and protected by the army of Republic;

5. The private properties of the Qing royal family will be distinguished from the public properties. If it is a public property then it belongs to the government while the private ones still belongs to the Qing royal family.”

“By 2 pm the emperor had no choice but to concede to all the terms and left the palace with the Empress and concubine in three cars. Lu asked him where he wanted to go, the emperor said “to Prince Chun’s Palace”. Lu then sent fifty soldiers to go with the emperor. Feng Yuxiang also ordered the phone lines of Prince Chun’s Palace be cut and sent soldiers to guard the gate not allowing anyone to enter.”

Drum Tower changed its name

From the Archives (Xiaoxiao, September 2, 1925)

drum tower changed name

Translation of the article:

The Drum and Bell Tower outside the Di’anmen Gate are now under the management of the Beijing Government. They will from now on be known as the Capital Popular Education Center. The Mayor of Beijing, Xue Dubi, will also change the Drum Tower’s name to Aware of Humiliations Tower .He has written a plaque with its new name himself. His purpose is to tell people that they should never forget the humiliations our country suffered since the late Qing Dynasty. Yesterday the plaque was hung at the top of the tower.

This transformation was part of the warlord Feng Yuxiang's ambition to "fulfill the revolution". Beijing Postcards are still nose deep into this fascination part of Beijing history, and in October we will finally show our efforts when our new limited edition walk "From Dynasty to Republic" premieres. We will lead 6 tours (on October 17,19,25,26 and November 1,2) into the Forbidden City tracing the footsteps of China's last emperor. Send us an email if you want to sign up for the waiting list: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Air strike on Forbidden City

From the Archives (Shuntian Shibao, July 8, 1917)

airstrike on forbidden city

Translation of the article:

Yesterday morning, the Republic Army sent plane to bomb the Imperial Palace. We already published an extra edition as follows: this morning at 10:30, the Republic Army sent a plane to the Palace and dropped two bombs. One blasted outside the Gate of Heavenly Purity, killed a man and a dog. The other one blasted at the Zhongzheng Hall, we don't know the damage it caused yet. Now we've got more details. Actually three bombs were dropped. One blasted outside the Gate of Heavenly Purity, injured a palace guard and a sedan bearer, killed a dog. The second one blasted in the Imperial Garden and injured a eunuch. The third one landed in a water drum in front of the Hall of Mental Cultivation thus did not blast. The Emperor were frightened into disease. The Palace elderly concubines were so frightened by the incident that they were unable to consume any food till long after the explosion.


In 1917, the warlord Zhangxun restored the monarchy in China. But the monarchist coup only lasted 12 days, then the 12 year old emperor Puyi had to abdicate once again. An aerial attack on the Forbidden City, the first one ever recorded in Chinese history, helped persuade Zhangxun that his army would not stand a chance against the republican forces. We stumbled upon this article preparing our next Forbidden City walk "From Dynasty to Republic" that will premiere in October. Send us a mail if you want to sign up for the waiting list: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Want to know about our other upcoming events, please go to our website:

Foreigners are not allowed to get on the Beijing city wall

From the Archives (Beijing Evening Post, May 20,1922)

foreigners_not_allowed_to_get_on_the_city_wall  Translation of the article:

  Recently foreigners have made it a habit to climb the old city wall of Beijing. The commander of the  Metropolitan Gendarmerie, General Nieh Hsien-fan has set out to restore the respect for the city wall    and its gates. The wall was once  essential in keeping the city safe and should be respected as such.    Therefore theeral gen has ordered barriers on all the bridle paths to be made, and organized more      soldiers to patrol along the wall in order to prevent foreigners from getting on to it.

The Drum and Bell Towers should sound once again

From the Archives (Beijing Baihuabao, Oct.19,1937)

reuse_drum__bell_tower Translation of the article:

 The Drum and Bell Towers are located just outside of the Di’anmen Gate. During the Qing  Dynasty the Drum and Bell Towers sounded every morning and evening. But when China  became a Republic, this stopped. There was a recent debate in Beijing to use the Drum and  Bell Tower like it had previously been used in the past. Mayor Wang is said to have given his  personal support. A letter is now being written to the Beijing Municipal Government and the  local city management (a Japanese dominated institution).  

The number of cars in Beijing

From the Archives (Beijing Evening Post, April 4, 1924):

00000023_Translation of the article:

The Number of Cars in Beijing

The Ministry of Internal Affairs recently asked the Police Bureau to check the number of cars in Beijing. After checking they now get the numbers: 11 cars with red number plate owned by the government, 30 cars with green number plate owned by the diplomatic corps and 627 private owned cars with white number plate.

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